A study by E. Glenn Schellenberg at the University of Toronto at Mississauga, as published in a 2004 issue of Psychological Science, found a small increase in the IQs of six-year-olds who were given weekly voice and piano lessons. Another study published in 2006 by Christopher Johnson, professor of music education and music therapy at the University of Kansas, revealed that students in elementary schools with superior music education programs scored around 22 percent higher in English and 20 percent higher in math scores on standardized tests, compared to schools with low-quality music programs, regardless of socioeconomic disparities among the schools or school districts. A five-year study by the Brain and Creativity Institute (BCI) at USC began a five-year study in 2012 to examine the impact of music instruction on children’s social, emotional and cognitive development. The study found that musical experiences in childhood can actually accelerate brain development, particularly in the areas of language acquisition and reading skills.
Following are resources to help parents, teachers, and others maximize the powerful role that music can play in the lives of children.